Furunculosis is an acute purulent-necrotic inflammation of the hair follicle and surrounding tissues. Subsequently, the inflammation passes to the sebaceous gland and the surrounding connective tissue. Its main cause is staphylococcus.
A boil (if it is alone) usually does not cause significant changes in the general condition of the patient, but in some localizations (on the face, nose, in the external auditory canal, on the neck), the general condition can be severe: with fever, pain, chills, decrease view, the tension of the occipital muscles.
The disease manifests itself as a multiple lesion of boils. Contamination of the skin, microtraumas predispose to its development. A significant role in the occurrence of a weakening of the body’s defenses, debilitating chronic diseases, vitamin deficiency, diabetes mellitus.
The boil can be solitary, but sometimes many inflammatory foci form in different areas of the skin simultaneously or sequentially, one after another. The development of the disease in a limited area of the body is called local furunculosis. Sometimes there are multiple rashes, and continue with small remissions for several years. This process is called chronic furunculosis.
The furunculosis does not develop on the skin devoid of hair (palms and palms of the fingers, soles). Most often it is observed on skin areas that are exposed to:
pollution (forearm, back of the hand);
friction (back of the neck, lower back, gluteal region of the thigh).
A small pustule is formed around the hair with a small inflammatory infiltrate in the form of a nodule. During this period there is a slight itching and tingling. By the end of the second day, an inflammatory tubercle (infiltration) is formed, the skin around it turns red and becomes painful when touched. At the very top of the infiltrate, there is a small accumulation of pus with a black dot (necrosis) in the center. Subsequently, the pustule breaks through (on the 3rd-7th day), and the pus in the form of a rod with hair remains is excreted. The wound is cleansed and heals. At the site of inflammation remains a small whitish scar.
At the beginning of the inflammation process, iodine tincture or ichthyol ointment (under the patch) has a good effect in the treatment of furunculosis. It also shows the use of dry heat (Solux, UHF, blue lamp) – it gives an analgesic and bactericidal effect.
It is strictly forbidden:
Squeeze the contents of the boil (because the spread of infection is possible).
Massage the area around.
Apply wet dressings in the form of compresses (this contributes to the appearance of multiple furuncles).
In case of chronic disease, in addition to local treatment, nonspecific stimulating procedures are prescribed in the form of autohemotherapy (intramuscular injections of one’s own blood, 5 ml every other day).