Neurodermatitis is a chronic skin disease of a neuroallergic nature. This pathology is characterized by a relapsing course with periods of exacerbation and remission, seasonality and high prevalence among young children.
In most cases, skin atopic dermatitis in children occurs under the guise of food allergies and is eliminated on its own during puberty.
The occurrence of neurodermatitis in adults is due to psychosomatic causes: constant nerve overstrain and stressful situations. But first of all, the development of neurodermatitis depends on heredity, as well as on the weakening of immunity.
The main symptom of neurodermatitis is a pronounced itching. At first, the lesions are not noticeable on the skin and only after some time, due to constant scratching, flat, small nodular eruptions that have a characteristic luster become noticeable.
Most often, atopic dermatitis of the skin develops due to hereditary predisposition, if one of the parents or both of them suffer from any kind of allergy.
Quite often, the disease appears in childhood with exudative (allergic) diathesis.
Allergic neurodermatitis may be accompanied by other diseases (bronchial asthma, urticaria, etc.).
The main causes of neurodermatitis are:
- disturbances in the functioning of the autonomic and central nervous system;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- intoxication of the body;
- neurovascular changes;
- reduced immunity;
- harmful working conditions;
- unhealthy diet;
- violation of sleep and wakefulness;
- prolonged physical and mental stress;
- stress, depression;
- regular contact with allergens:
- animal hair;
- house dust;
- feather fillers;
- plant pollen;
- cosmetics and household chemicals.
Characteristic manifestations of atopic dermatitis
In time to notice atopic dermatitis and be able to prevent its development, each person should know the symptoms of the disease.
One of the most noticeable clinical manifestations is severe itching, which appears long before the formation of rashes, and forcing patients to constantly comb the affected area. As a result, pyoderma is often associated with neurodermatitis – an infectious purulent skin lesion.
Over time, small nodules having a characteristic luster may be noticeable. In the early days, the color of the nodules is similar to the color of healthy skin, but over time it changes to pinkish brown. Later the nodules expand, and after merging they form one center, densely covered with scales and crusts. The focus does not have clear boundaries.
The skin affected by atopic dermatitis first becomes bluish and then reddish. In places of old lesions remain discolored skin. Most often, foci of the disease can be observed in the perineum, groin, interglacial fold, as well as on the popliteal folds, neck, scrotum and labia.
Depending on the location and nature of the rash, there are several forms of neurodermatitis.
Diffuse atopic dermatitis – the most common form of the disease, in which the rash is located on the skin of the neck, face, elbows, hands, feet, popliteal cavities;
Limited neurodermatitis is characterized by localized rashes that do not extend beyond the boundaries of the lesion;
Atopic neurodermatitis covers large areas of skin;
Psoriasiform is clinically similar to psoriasis: the skin of the face and head are affected, with small scales forming on the surface of the dermis and hair loss;
Linear neurodermatitis is manifested by rashes in the elbow and knee folds;
Hypertrophic – the lesion is localized in the inguinal region;
Follicular neurodermatitis develops only on the hairy areas of the body.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis are similar to manifestations of diseases such as
- pink lichen;
- lichen planus;
Despite the similarity of symptoms, all these diseases have a different cause of origin and methods of treatment.
The treatment of neurodermatitis is a very difficult and crucial matter. Even a slight failure to comply with the treatment regimen can lead to rather unpleasant consequences.
Therapy for acute or chronic neurodermatitis is to apply:
- antihistamine drugs;
- drugs that restore the normal functions of the central nervous system;
- vitamins of group B, A, E, P;
- enzyme preparations (in violation of the gastrointestinal tract);
- local treatment (ointment, cream);
- physiotherapeutic methods of treatment.
Also, do not wear excessively warm and synthetic clothing, as this leads to excessive sweating, which can irritate the pockets of the disease. It is advisable to avoid stressful situations, restore and observe the correct sleep and vigilance regime , identify and limit contact with allergens.
Diet for neurodermatitis
Very important during the period of therapy is full compliance with the diet. The patient needs to eat more products of dairy and vegetable origin and products that are safe, i.e. free of preservatives, dyes, flavors and other food additives. And at the same time, completely eliminate spicy and salty foods, chocolate, coffee and citrus fruits from the diet.
Treatment of neurodermatitis with ointments
The most effective method of treating neurodermatitis, which allows to stop the development of disease foci, are local corticosteroid preparations – ointments, creams and lotions.
When using weak or moderately strong local corticosteroids, no side effects are observed. Use powerful ointment from atopic dermatitis followed by periods and with significant interruptions. On such places as elbows, knees and face ointment should be applied with the thinnest layer, as in these places the skin is particularly thin and the absorption is strenuous. Apply ointment and cream can not be more than two times a day.
The use of other drugs
In periods of exacerbations of neurodermatitis, antihistamines can be used ( Zyrtec , Suprastin, Claritin, Tavegil, Loratadin ). Soothing and immunomodulatory drugs can be used both during exacerbations and for prevention.
Dermatologists claim that a good effect is also provided by sea baths, massages and radiation with a therapeutic laser.
Use of folk remedies
Treatment of neurodermatitis folk remedies is to use different creams and ointments, which include medicinal plants and herbs. Also often use decoctions, lotions and tinctures.
Specialists in traditional medicine suggest using dozens of very different herbs and plants. Perfectly helps tributary, oregano, horsetail, yarrow and chamomile. Yarrow is part of the decoction used for lotions and compresses. This broth can also be used with a simple wash. It has an anti-inflammatory effect on the skin.
To cure atopic dermatitis is quite difficult. Most often, the whole months pass before its manifestations begin to disappear.