Contagious (infectious) mollusk is a viral infection of the skin. Manifested in the formation of small, shiny and dense elements that occur in different parts of the body. These items tend to grow in size.
The disease usually occurs against a background of reduced immunity. Molluscum contagiosum is contagious, especially often transmitted in closed collectives.
The cause of the development of a contagious mollusk is a virus from the group of smallpox, it affects only humans, animals do not get sick.
There are 4 types of virus, most often detected 1st and 2nd. They are mainly affecting adults, but children are also sick.
Because of type 2 of the virus, sexual manifestations are mainly formed, while childhood symptoms on the skin and face give type 1. In addition, periods of rash are strongly delayed – they can occur even after six months from the moment of infection.
Viruses are transmitted by contact and sexually; infection through swimming pools through water or hygiene items (washcloths, towels, bed linen) is possible.
The virus perfectly remains in household dust, the earth, water. Outbreaks of molluscum contagiosum are more likely to occur in closed teams – contribute to this violation of personal hygiene, reduced immunity, poor sanitary conditions, allergies, skin lesions, long-term treatment with immunosuppressants.
A contagious mollusk plays a special role for children and adults with immunodeficiency and HIV.
The incubation period can last from 2-3 weeks to 4-6 months.
Clinical manifestations of molluscum contagiosum are very typical and characteristic. Localized rash can on:
- external genitalia,
- on hips and buttocks,
- on the stomach, on the face, on the shoulders and arms,
- on the back,
- less often on the legs.
Initially, bumps are formed on the skin of compacted skin, their color does not differ from the skin. Nodules are like hemispheres or balls under the skin, skin coloring on them is corporal, or slightly whiter from skin tension. Nodules can be either single or multiple.
As the element develops, a depression similar to the “navel” appears on it. The impressions are located in the center and are not more than 2 mm in size, the tip of the tubercles acquires a pearly luster, similar to a pearl under the skin.
When the tubercle is crushed with tweezers, a tiny, white odorless, cheesy, cheesy mass stands out from its center.
The molluscum contagiosum does not hurt, does not redden, does not fester and does not itch, it can become infected again only if it is injured or improperly treated.
In children, screenings from the original elements on the sides are possible, with the formation of confluent sections of the mollusk or grouping of tubercles.
With strong immunity, molluscum contagiosum gradually disappears in six months or a year.
In the presence of typical elements, the diagnosis is not complicated, since rashes with umbilicate impression and tiny contents are typical of molluscum contagiosum.
In complex cases, a histological examination is carried out – take scrapings from the elements and under the microscope find particular molluscum bodies in the cytoplasm of the affected epidermis.
Although molluscum contagiosum is not considered a dangerous disease, its treatment is necessary if only because it can be infectious for a sexual partner, for children and others. Plus, its manifestations are not aesthetic and reduce the patient’s quality of life.
Manifestations of molluscum contagiosum talk about the problems of the immune system, it is necessary to undergo a full examination and take measures to strengthen the immune system.
Also, molluscum contagiosum may be an indirect sign of the presence in the body of latent infections, including genital infections, which require treatment.
In adults with normal immunity, the molluscum contagious can be left without treatment, it gradually passes over a period of six months.
In children who may be distributors of the virus, as well as for weakened adults, some therapies are applicable, depending on the location and extent of the lesion.
Contagious mollusk is treated by dermatologists and venereologists.
mechanical removal of nodules, extrusion with tweezers or scraping with a sharp spoon. After removal of the contagious mollusk, the affected surface is lubricated with iodine solution 5% for several days.
cauterization of the surface of a contagious mollusk with a current, laser ( diathermocoagulation ),
treatment of affected areas with solutions of immunomodulators, antiviral ointments, as well as taking antiviral drugs orally (interferon, cycloferon),
with an abundance of rash, it is recommended to use tetracycline antibiotics if these are children over 10 years old and adults. Children earlier than this age can not use them!
cryodestruction of mollusks with dry ice or liquid nitrogen.
However, it is worth remembering that the virus has DNA in its composition, therefore, only local manifestations are treated, and the virus itself remains in the human body for life, which gives the molluscum contagiosum the opportunity to recur in the future.
In order to prevent recurrence, it is important to maintain and strengthen the immune system, monitor body hygiene and lead a healthy lifestyle.
It is impossible to use traditional medicine in the treatment of molluscum contagiosum, it can only complicate the course and increase the area of the lesion.
The prognosis for molluscum contagiosum is favorable, complications are rare – mostly secondary skin infection or recurrence .
On average, the disease is cured in six months, even without the intervention of a physician, provided that the immunity is effectively strengthened.