Gingivitis is called gingivitis. When gingivitis is not disturbed, the position and mobility of teeth, inflammation also does not apply to periodontal tissues.
The causes of gingivitis are:
- inadequate oral hygiene,
- congestion on the teeth of soft plaque containing various microorganisms.
- deficiency of vitamins B, vitamin C, and vitamins A and E, leading to looseness and slight injury to the gums and their bleeding.
- pregnancy, due to changes in hormonal levels and vitamin-mineral metabolism,
- chronic diseases of the digestive system, diseases of the blood, heart and blood vessels,
- toxic damage in case of poisoning with various substances (iodine, mercury, lead, aluminum).
Gingivitis in children
Occurs usually due to the development of stomatitis, with teething , when changing the milk bite to a permanent one.
Local gingivitis can be caused by gum trauma if children chew on toys. In adolescence, the disease can occur when an imbalance of hormones during puberty, in girls, exacerbations can occur during menstruation.
Gingivitis is also noted with a decrease in immunity, after severe infections or exacerbation of chronic pathology.
Children with gingivitis often develop bleeding gums in the face of stomatitis, teething or changing teeth, which does not bother. In adolescents, gingivitis manifests itself in the form of bleeding, loosening of the gums, increasing their volume and gingival growth in the area of the anterior teeth. Adolescent gingivitis is difficult to treat, and there may be bad breath.
In adults, gingivitis is painless, gums bleed when biting thick food, brushing teeth, there can be bad breath and taste in the mouth. Gums can become swollen and redden.
The ulcer form is manifested by the formation of erosions and ulcers, pain and putrid breath are characteristic , the gums bleed even when lightly pressed.
Gingivitis is treated by a dentist after identifying its underlying cause.
If the reason is a violation of oral hygiene and the formation of tartar and plaque, carry out professional cleaning of the oral cavity in the doctor’s office. Carry out the removal of tartar, hard plaque. Then the teeth are polished using special abrasive pastes, which prevents repeated deposits of tartar.
When bleeding and inflammation of the gums are treated with antiseptics and impose drugs, rinses are used with antiseptic solutions. With strong inflammation prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs. After removing the inflammation, the doctor selects the correct means of hygiene – paste, brush and dental floss.
Treatment of gingivitis in children is carried out by eliminating stomatitis , using means to facilitate teething and treating the oral cavity with antiseptic solutions.
In pregnancy, gingivitis is treated with applications of decoctions of medicinal herbs, rinsing the oral cavity with antiseptic solutions, and taking vitamins and minerals. In the dentist’s office, the teeth are cleaned from plaque and tartar.