Discharge from the genital tract of a woman is quite a physiological phenomenon, if they are transparent, have no odor and impurities.
One of the signals of trouble in the body can be brown vaginal discharge that occurs during different periods of life – before menstruation or after it, during pregnancy, after sex, etc. What are the causes of such phenomena?
The discharge may be from light brown to a dark, saturated color, which indirectly may indicate the reason for their appearance.
Light brown discharge can be the result of bacterial vaginosis , sexually transmitted infections, microtraumas of the cervix.
Dark-brown secretions usually indicate the presence of coagulated blood in the discharge, which may be of vaginal, cervical or uterine origin.
When may occur
Brown smearing in the form of traces on daily pads can occur in girls before puberty, during the onset of menstruation, during the reproductive period and in menopause, they all have different causes.
In girls in the first days after birth, brown vaginal discharge may be the result of a sexual crisis, the child’s body reacting to an excess of mother’s hormones transmitted to the girl in utero.
At puberty, brown discharge may be the first symptoms of the early onset of the first menstruation or a signal of a malfunction in the reproductive sphere.
Most often, such discharge occurs in the reproductive period of a woman. They are usually a signal of hormonal disorders, inflammatory processes in the body of the uterus or in the cervix, can be one of the signs of endometriosis, endometrial polyps, oncological diseases.
In the last two, for menstruation after a more heavy discharge, brown spotting is the normal variant.
If brown discharge occurs after menstruation, or there is a prolonged daub (more than 6-7 days) after menstruation, this may be the result of injury to the cervix, vagina, hormonal imbalance, a side effect of hormonal contraceptives or a sign of a polyp or endometriosis of the body uterus.
Sometimes such a discharge can be after a gynecological examination or after sex, if there is erosion of the cervix and the mucous membrane is injured.
Such a discharge in the middle of the menstrual cycle can be the result of ovulation and a sharp hormonal jump with it. This happens infrequently, may be accompanied by a feeling of tension in the region of the ovary with a ripe follicle, occurs between 13-14 and 15-16 days of the cycle.
More often, such discharge in the middle of a cycle or throughout the entire cycle can be evidence of a tumor, adenomyosis of the uterus or fibroids , or polyposis.
Breakthrough intermenstrual uterine discharge of a spotless type may occur in the first months of taking hormonal contraceptives of the combined type.
Sometimes menstruation due to cycle failure may occur earlier – this happens with abrupt climate change, stress, heavy physical exertion, previous abortions , etc. Menstruation can begin with bloody discharge. However, such secretions may also be the result of endometriosis or inflammatory processes in the uterus.
In the first three weeks of pregnancy, as a result of implantation , small excretions of blood from the uterine vessels may occur, which may manifest as a smearing discharge. This is harmless, but such discharge should be short-lived and not abundant.
If there is a delay and brown discharge, this can be a sign of threatened abortion, an ovoid detachment and the onset of a miscarriage . In this condition, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Brown discharge during pregnancy at any time can be a sign of trouble – a sign of ectopic pregnancy or the threat of termination in the early stages , a sign of placental abruption or premature birth – with late terms.
In the later stages of pregnancy, especially a few weeks before childbirth, brown discharge after the examination can be a sign of cervical congestion and its softening, slight trauma upon examination.
If any brown discharge appears, consult a doctor. First of all, it is necessary to exclude pregnancy and the threat of its termination.
If there is no pregnancy, it is necessary to identify and treat the cause that led to the release of blood (which gives the brown color of the discharge) from the genital tract.